Frontiers Journal of Renewable energy

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Discernment: Endeavoring Biomimetic Calcium Carbonate For Production Of Tyrosinase And Laccase With Evaluation Of Enzyme Synergy For Efficient Humification


The sequential rise in the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration due to anthropogenic emission of this gas has resulted in an elevation of the average mean global temperature resulting in drastic effects circumventing climate change. Carbon dioxide sequestration via mineralization is one of the methods that have the capability to efficiently store carbon dioxide in a stable form. The biomimetic approach involving carbonic Anhydrase has presented a thought-provoking rationale for sequestering carbon dioxide into calcium carbonate which is being concurrently practiced for mushroom production. Tyrosinase and Laccases extracted from mushroom purified and then subsequently used for the conversion of phenolic waste from a different source to humus. Previous studies on abiotic and biotic catalysis have focused on polyphenols, amino acids, and sugars, while no work has been done on lipids, one of the most refractory components of plant materials and a significant contributor to the humin fraction of soil organic matter. Use of advanced analytical instrumentation, i.e., synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy, Spectromicroscopy and infrared spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, multi-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and the same should shed light on the mystery of environmental humic substances and their complexes with mineral particles.