Frontiers Journal of Neurology & Neuroscience

Neurorehabilitation As A Neuroplasticity Tool

Abstract

Santiago Ramón y Cajal: “Any man could … be the sculptor of his own brain.” Mary Reilly: “Man through the use of his hands (as energized by mind and will), can influence the state of his own health.”

Neurorehabilitation (NR) is an interdiscipline between neurology, neurosurgery, physical and rehabilitation medicine. Rehabilitation is a functional therapy, based on a detailed functional assessment. For functional evaluation in NR we apply neurological scales and the International Classification of Functioning (ICF). For treatment we use the SMART approach (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and timebound). In clinical NR practice we apply the “rehabilitation puzzle”- a synergic combination of different physical modalities (electric currents, magnetic field, movement, activities, temperature, etc.).

Many NR tools have the potential to rewire cerebral functions and to excite the formation of new connections and pathways, respectively to stimulate the brain reorganization and adaptation to the ‘new’ situation (appearance of a damaged locus in the cerebral tissue), in other terms - to help functional recovery through potentiation of use-induced and use-dependent neuroplasticity: 

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