Transdectoral digital studies of human, nature, society and production communication enable the creation of digital twins of social services and production of products and the technological process of equipment operation. Digital dupes related to the service sector or productions are created for intelligent process and equipment management. Intelligent production management with a digital twin optimizes its operation, increases productivity and competitiveness of products according to quality and price. Human digital twins provide services in the social sphere and in space. Training of digital twins in professional competences is carried out on the basis of communicative associative logic of technological thinking by cognitive methods. Cognitive psychology experts investigating the effectiveness of machine learning techniques offer a new approach that allows artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology to be combined. This approach provides pre-preparation of neural networks from accumulated data using existing behaviors. The approach combines existing scientific theories of human behavior with the flexibility of neural networks to make better decisions made by humans in space and in extreme situations. From a practical point of view, this makes it possible to more accurately determine the behavior of a human digital twin in space and in extreme situations.