This study focused on technical efficiency among small and medium scale poultry farmers in Ogun State, Nigeria. The data analysis was carried out with the use of primary and secondary data through the use of structured questionnaires administered on 80 poultry farmers. The respondents were selected by multistage sampling techniques. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the socio-economic characteristics of the poultry farmers in the study area. Multiple regression analysis was done to determine the effects of resources use on poultry production. Also, stochastic frontier production function was used to access the effect of socio economic factors on poultry production. The findings revealed that 76% percent of the farmers had formal education up to tertiary level and 8.8% had poultry farming as their main occupation. The stochastic frontier analysis result revealed that some variables such as educational level, farm experience and credit obtained have negative coefficient and statistically significant, which implies increase in these variables will decrease the technical inefficient and positive coefficient variables will increase the technical efficiency of the poultry farmers. It is therefore recommended that the small scale poultry farmers should be encouraged financially since the success of poultry production depends on them in the short run.